- Acute Myelogenous (or myeloid) Leukemia (AML)
- Acute Lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) Leukemia (ALL)
- Chronic Myelogenous (or myeloid) Leukemia (CML)
- Chronic Lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) Leukemia (CLL)
Lymphocytic vs. Myelogenous Leukemia:
- Down Syndrome and other genetic disorders
- Previous treatment with chemotherapy
- Chronic exposure to chemicals called "benzenes" in unsafe levels
- Exposure to radiation, including radiation to treat other forms of cancer
Signs and Symptoms:
Signs and symptoms of acute leukemia may include:
- Feeling tired, low energy
- Difficulty breathing when doing regular activities
- Pallor or pale skin
- Fevers or night sweats
- Cuts and bruises which take a long time to heal
- Excessive bleeding from minor wounds
- Tiny red spots under the skin (called "petechaie")
- Achy bones or joints
- Frequent infections or illness that you can't seem to "fight off"
The signs of leukemia may be vague and can be confused for many other illnesses. If you are concerned about symptoms you are experiencing, it is always a good idea to seek advice from your healthcare provider.
Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow, and leads to the production of abnormal blood cells. Eventually, these abnormal "leukemia cells" will take over the normal blood cells such as red blood cells and platelets.
Leukemias are classified by the type of cell they developed from (myelogenous or lymphocytic), as well as by how fast the leukemia grows and progresses (acute vs. chronic). Although these diseases have a common origin, they are all different in their signs and symptoms, how they progress and how they are treated.